Hemp

Hemp

Hemp vs Marijuana Hemp is not marijuana.

Although both hemp and marijuana are categorized as Cannabis Sativa, marijuana has an average potency of 5-30% THC (the chemical substance which gives marijuana its psychoactive properties) whereas hemp has less than 0.3% THC. At this concentration, hemp has zero psychoactive properties. HEMP FIBRE Whole Hemp Stalk Hemp is grown either primarily for its high (textile) quality bast fibre and the residual core material (hurds) or primarily for seed, where the hemp stalk is the residual material. When grown for seed, the whole stalk can still be separated into its components of bast fibre and hurds, but the bast fibre quality is no longer textile quality. There are numerous industrial applications for the whole stalk, however, ranging from interior car panels to to ultra thin rolling papers! Hemp Bast Fibre Hemp was traditionally grown for its valuable and versatile high quality bast (bark-like) fibres. This long, strong fibre accounts for up to 30% of the total weight of the hemp stalk. Once separated from the core material, the bast fibres are ready for further processing: refining for spinning and weaving into textiles, or for pulping into high quality pulp. Hemp Hurds The hurds also known as shivs are the short fibred inner woody core of the hemp plant which comprises 70% of the stalk. A by-product of the process of extracting bast fibre from the hemp stalks, hurds were traditionally considered waste. Hemp hurds can, however, be used to produce a wide range of products including animal bedding and building materials. Hurds have an above average amount of cellulose making them an excellent substitution ingredient to make environmentally friendly plastics. HEMP SEEDS Whole Hemp Seed Hemp seeds (hemp grain) have exceptional nutritional value. They are an excellent source of protein, essential fatty acids (EFA's), vitamins and minerals. Hemp seeds can be pressed for oil, hulled to isolate the delicious hemp heart or hemp seeds are available whole either sterilized, toasted, or roasted. There is also a hemp butter spread that is a fantastic healthier substitute for peanut butters. Hemp Hearts The hulled hemp seed is commonly referred to as the hemp heart. Hemp hearts are a highly versatile and nutritious source of protein. It is better tasting and more digestible than the soybean and is just as versatile. Hemp heart has become a primary ingredient in numerous food products, for example numerous health bars and especially products made by MANITOBA HARVEST. Hemp Seed Oil Hemp seeds contain 30-35% oil by weight. Hemp seed oil is approximately 80% healthy polyunsaturated EFA's. Furthermore, the proportion of these oils in hemp seeds most closely match the ratios which have been determined to be most beneficial to human nutrition. Hemp seeds are also the only edible seeds with gamma-linolenic acid (GLA). Hemp oil works as an anti inflammatory and also is very effectively as a natural sun block. Hemp Seed Cake After hemp seed is pressed for oil, the residual seed cake is a rich source of protein which can be ground into flour, used for brewing beer or as a highly nutritious animal food. Environmental Benefits of Hemp Hemp requires little or no pesticides as it is naturally pest resistant, and when grown in rotation has been known to reduce pests in future crops. Hemp requires no herbicides as it is grown densely and naturally out competes weeds. Hemp's deep root system is effective in preventing erosion, removing toxins, providing a disease break, and aerating the soil. Hemp is a high yield fibre crop. As a result hemp can be used effectively in many applications as an alternative to wood or fossil fuels. ------ Hemp's Ancient History Hemp is among the oldest industries on the planet, going back more than 10,000 years to the beginnings of pottery. The Columbia History of the World states that the oldest relic of human industry is a bit of hemp fabric dating back to approximately 8,000 BC. The use of hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) for pulp and paper manufacturing dates back more than 2,000 years. The oldest existing piece of paper in the world was discovered near Sian, in the Shensi province of China and has been date between 140 and 87 BC. This Chinese paper making craftsmanship was transferred to Arabic and North-African countries and from there to Europe. The first European hemp paper making took place in the early 16th century. Until the early 19th century the only raw material commonly available for paper making was rags from worn out clothes, sails and other textiles. Since clothing at that time was made solely of hemp, flax and sometimes cotton, paper was thus also made of hemp and flax fibres. With the onset of the industrial revolution, the demand for paper began to exceed the available rag supply. Although hemp was the most traded commodity in the world up to the 1830’s the shortage of rags lead to the development of wood based paper. History Of Hemp in North America In 1606, French Botanist Louis Hebert planted the first hemp crop in North America in Port Royal, Acadia (present-day Nova Scotia, Canada). As early as 1801, the Lieutenant Governor of the province of Upper Canada, on behalf of the King of England, distributed hemp seed free to Canadian farmers. Hemp became the first crop to be subsidized when the government offered to pay premiums and bounties to the "deserving cultivators and exporters of hemp in the Province." In the United States, Presidents Washington and Jefferson both grew hemp. In fact, Americans were legally bound to grow hemp during the Colonial Era and Early Republic. In 1937 Congress passed the Marihuana Tax Act which effectively began the era of hemp prohibition. The tax and licensing regulations of the act made hemp cultivation unfeasible for American farmers. Then came World War II. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor shut off foreign supplies of "Manilla hemp" fiber from the Philippines. The USDA produced a film called Hemp For Victory to encourage US farmers to grow hemp for the war effort. The US government formed War Hemp Industries and subsidized hemp cultivation. During the War and US farmers grew about a million acres of hemp across the mid-west as part of that program. After the war ended, the government quietly shut down all the hemp processing plants and the industry faded away again. Legal Status of Hemp in North America In 1994, the first 'modern' permit to grow hemp for research was granted to a Canadian company. In 1998, Health Canada passed regulations allowing for the commercial cultivation of hemp in Canada for the first time in 60 years. Hemp is now grown legally and extensively across Canada both for its fibre and seed. In the U.S., during the period from 1937 to the late 60's the US government understood and acknowledged that Industrial Hemp and marijuana were distinct varieties of the cannabis plant. Hemp is no longer recognized as distinct from marijuana in the U.S. since the passage of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) of 1970. This is despite the fact that a specific exemption for hemp was included in the CSA under the definition of marijuana. Hemp paper, clothing and other fibre products are clearly excluded from the U.S. policy of prohibition and have always been clearly LEGAL. The Drug Enforcement Agency, however, between 2001and 2004 took an aggressive stance toward hemp seed imports into the U.S., primarily from Canada. Citing the U.S. zero tolerance policy towards drugs, the DEA tried to claim that minuscule THC levels found in hemp seed foods (less than 10ppm according to Health Canada regulation) made them illegal in the United States. In February, 2004, The Hemp Industries Association (HIA), representing over 200 hemp companies in North America, won their 2 1/2-year-old lawsuit against the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) in a decision that permanently blocks DEA regulations that attempted to ban nutritious hemp foods such as waffles, bread, cereal, vegetarian burgers, protein powder, salad dressing and nutrition bars. Read the court decision here. More hemp info here. HEMP vs MARIJUANA Hemp is not marijuana. Although both hemp and marijuana are categorized as Cannabis Sativa, marijuana has an average potency of 5-30% THC (the chemical substance which gives marijuana its psychoactive properties) whereas hemp has less than 0.3% THC. At this concentration, hemp has zero psychoactive properties. HEMP FIBRE Whole Hemp Stalk Hemp is grown either primarily for its high (textile) quality bast fibre and the residual core material (hurds) or primarily for seed, where the hemp stalk is the residual material. When grown for seed, the whole stalk can still be separated into its components of bast fibre and hurds, but the bast fibre quality is no longer textile quality. There are numerous industrial applications for the whole stalk, however, ranging from interior car panels to to ultra thin rolling papers! Hemp Bast Fibre Hemp was traditionally grown for its valuable and versatile high quality bast (bark-like) fibres. This long, strong fibre accounts for up to 30% of total weight of the hemp stalk. Once separated from the core material, the bast fibres are ready for further processing: refining for spinning and weaving into textiles, or for pulping into high quality pulp. Hemp Hurds The hurds also known as shivs are the short fibred inner woody core of the hemp plant which comprises 70% of the stalk. A by-product of the process of extracting bast fibre from the hemp stalks, hurds were traditionally considered waste. Hemp hurds can, however, be used to produce a wide range of products including animal bedding and building materials. Hurds have an above average amount of cellulose making them an excellent substitution ingredient to make environmentally friendly eco-plastics. HEMP SEEDS Whole Hemp Seed Hemp seeds (hemp grain) have exceptional nutritional value. They are an excellent source of protein, essential fatty acids (EFA's), vitamins and minerals. Hemp seeds can be pressed for oil, hulled to isolate the delicious hemp heart or hemp seeds are available whole either sterilized, toasted, or roasted. There is also a hemp butter spread that is a fantastic healthier substitute for peanut butters. Hemp Hearts The hulled hemp seed is commonly referred to as the hemp heart. Hemp hearts are a highly versatile and nutritious source of protein. It is better tasting and more digestible than the soybean and is just as versatile. Hemp heart has become a primary ingredient in numerous food products, for example numerous health bars and especially products made by Manitoba Harvest. Hemp Seed Oil Hemp seeds contain 30-35% oil by weight. Hemp seed oil is approximately 80% healthy polyunsaturated EFA's. Furthermore, the proportion of these oils in hemp seeds most closely match the ratios which have been determined to be most beneficial to human nutrition. Hemp seeds are also the only edible seeds with gamma-linolenic acid (GLA). Hemp oil works as an anti inflammatory and also is very effectively as a natural sun block. Hemp Seed Cake After hemp seed is pressed for oil, the residual seed cake is a rich source of protein which can be ground into flour, used for brewing beer or as a highly nutritious animal food. Environmental Benefits of Hemp Hemp requires little or no pesticides as it is naturally pest resistant, and when grown in rotation has been known to reduce pests in future crops. Hemp requires no herbicides as it is grown densely and naturally out competes weeds. Hemp's deep root system is effective in preventing erosion, removing toxins, providing a disease break, and aerating the soil. Hemp is a high yield fibre crop. As a result hemp can be used effectively in many applications as an alternative to wood or fossil fuels. Hemp's Ancient History Hemp is among the oldest industries on the planet, going back more than 10,000 years to the beginnings of pottery. The Columbia History of the World states that the oldest relic of human industry is a bit of hemp fabric dating back to approximately 8,000 BC. The use of hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) for pulp and paper manufacturing dates back more than 2,000 years. The oldest existing piece of paper in the world was discovered near Sian, in the Shensi province of China and has been date between 140 and 87 BC. This Chinese paper making craftsmanship was transferred to Arabic and North-African countries and from there to Europe. The first European hemp paper making took place in the early 16th century. Until the early 19th century the only raw material commonly available for paper making was rags from worn out clothes, sails and other textiles. Since clothing at that time was made solely of hemp, flax and sometimes cotton, paper was thus also made of hemp and flax fibres. With the onset of the industrial revolution, the demand for paper began to exceed the available rag supply. Although hemp was the most traded commodity in the world up to the 1830’s the shortage of rags lead to the development of wood based paper. History Of Hemp in North America In 1606, French Botanist Louis Hebert planted the first hemp crop in North America in Port Royal, Acadia (present-day Nova Scotia, Canada). As early as 1801, the Lieutenant Governor of the province of Upper Canada, on behalf of the King of England, distributed hemp seed free to Canadian farmers. Hemp became the first crop to be subsidized when the government offered to pay premiums and bounties to the "deserving cultivators and exporters of hemp in the Province." In the United States, Presidents Washington and Jefferson both grew hemp. In fact, Americans were legally bound to grow hemp during the Colonial Era and Early Republic. In 1937 Congress passed the Marihuana Tax Act which effectively began the era of hemp prohibition. The tax and licensing regulations of the act made hemp cultivation unfeasible for American farmers. Then came World War II. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor shut off foreign supplies of "Manilla Hemp" fiber from the Philippines. The USDA produced a film called Hemp For Victory to encourage US farmers to grow hemp for the war effort. The US government formed War Hemp Industries and subsidized hemp cultivation. During the War and US farmers grew about a million acres of hemp across the mid-west as part of that program. After the war ended, the government quietly shut down all the hemp processing plants and the industry faded away again. Legal Status of Hemp in North America In 1994, the first 'modern' permit to grow hemp for research was granted to a Canadian company. In 1998, Health Canada passed regulations allowing for the commercial cultivation of hemp in Canada for the first time in 60 years. Hemp is now grown legally and extensively across Canada both for its fibre and seed. In the U.S., during the period from 1937 to the late 60's the US government understood and acknowledged that Industrial Hemp and marijuana were distinct varieties of the cannabis plant. Hemp is no longer recognized as distinct from marijuana in the U.S. since the passage of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) of 1970. This is despite the fact that a specific exemption for hemp was included in the CSA under the definition of marijuana. Hemp paper, clothing and other fibre products are clearly excluded from the U.S. policy of prohibition and have always been clearly LEGAL. The Drug Enforcement Agency, however, between 2001and 2004 took an aggressive stance toward hemp seed imports into the U.S., primarily from Canada. Citing the U.S. zero tolerance policy towards drugs, the DEA tried to claim that minuscule THC levels found in hemp seed foods (less than 10ppm according to Health Canada regulation) made them illegal in the United States. In February, 2004, The Hemp Industries Association (HIA), representing over 200 hemp companies in North America, won their 2.5 year lawsuit against the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) in a decision that permanently blocks DEA regulations that attempted to ban nutritious hemp foods such as waffles, bread, cereal, vegetarian burgers, protein powder, salad dressing and nutrition bars...

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